Wednesday, October 9, 2019

Computer Club Class Notes 10-8-2019



Class this week as usual. I will be online as well and would like to know how that worked out at the General Meeting. We had a couple of folks listening in. Here are a few of the things we might get into, but as always your questions come first.

Alternate Office AppsI use Google “Office” Google Drive (Docs, Spreadsheet, etc) which is free with a free Google account. It works great on my PC, my Chromebook, on Linux Mint, and on my cell phones, iPhone and Android.

I also like LibreOffice available on ninite.com and WPS which is available at their site, wps.com

Setting A Restore Point And WhySystem Restore is an awesome system recovery tool, and it's included with Windows for free. It's the ideal solution for rolling back bad drivers, fixing when buggy software breaks your PC, or simply rolling you back to a previous point in time. We looked at how to create a restore point and how to recover from one.
https://tinyurl.com/y6znj4nk

Kodi
What is Kodi? Kodi is free, open-source software designed specifically with home entertainment in mind – and it's perfect if you're a fan of movies, sports, films, and TV shows. There are many YouTube videos showing how to set it up on your PC, on a Firestick, and other devices. Simply put, as long as you have Internet access you can cut the cable and watch pretty much everything. 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7mm1plsrWNc 



Click the following link to see all the past notes that contained info on Kodi. Then Ctrl+F and type Kodi. All the words Kodi will now be highlighted and easy to locate.
http://tinyurl.com/yatgumyb

Roku News ChannelIf you have a Roku box, you can add the streaming channel NewsON for free and watch your local news TV stations.
https://channelstore.roku.com/details/71845/newson

MXQ TV BoxThere are many of these on Amazon fr from about $25 and up. Turns your TV into a smart TV and includes Kodi so you can access just about anything.

Android tv box MXQ 

Move Contacts from one email provider to anotherThis one can be tricky. You have to go to your previous provider where you still have a working account and export the contact list to a file. Then you can open the new provider’s email and import your list.

Create an album on Google PhotosPictures are stored in the Google Cloud in the order you upload them. They are accessible using search in many different ways. Search on a date. Search on location. Search on a face (uses a very accurate facial recognition algorism). Search on type of content, like dog, boart, food, etc.



You can create an album (like a folder) and it will hold shortcuts to the picture you desire to be in an album. Say you take a bunch of pictures on Thanksgiving.




Create a thanksgiving album and then find all your thanksgiving pictures and videos. Select them and then add them to the thanksgiving album.

How To Download Google Photos To A Folder On My PcQ: I have the photos uploaded from a cell phone to google photos. I can pull them up and see them on my computer. I want to download them to my computer so that I can put them in My Pictures.

A: Go to Google Photos and select the pictures to be downloaded by placing a checkmark in the circle in each picture by clicking on the circle. If you have a group of pictures, check the first one. Then scroll down to the last and holding the shift key down, click the last one and all will be selected.

Then click the menu button (three dots in the upper right) and select Download (or Shift+D) and they will all come down as a zip file. It will go to your download folder. Double click it to see the files.



Then click Extract all and tell it to place the extracted folder in your My Pictures folder, or whatever location you choose.

How To Change Browser Download Folder LocationHave you ever wanted to know how to change the download folder your browser uses? I know I have, and recently someone asked me where the downloads go.
https://tinyurl.com/yxkzlkrr

Order Photo Prints Within Google PhotosGoogle announced a new feature in Google Photos this month … Printing! This has been a highly requested feature. Apparently lots of people still want a photo they can hold in their hand, put in a binder or add to the fridge with a magnet. With just a couple of clicks and 25 cents per photo, you can pick up your 4X6 prints on the same day at a Walmart or CVS of your choosing.
https://tinyurl.com/y44t4y6l

How To Download YouTube Videos With VLCYouTube has declared war on downloading videos from its site. Most downloading programs and extensions no longer work but you can still use VLC.
https://tinyurl.com/yynmmsne

How To Hide The Search Box On Windows 10I was playing on my laptop the other day and looked at the Taskbar at the bottom of my screen. Nothing new but I wondered if I could make any adjustments to it. The one change I really wanted to change was removing the Search Box. This is the one thing I don’t like hanging out on the bottom of my screen. After researching this, I found out there are many things that you can customize on your Taskbar. Since I now know how to do this, I would show you how to hide the Search Box and then give you a bonus of where you can make a few more adjustments. Open Windows 10 and let us start learning.
https://tinyurl.com/y5juxub6

Tuesday, September 24, 2019

Computer Club Class Notes 9-24-2019

How to Restore the Recycle Bin Icon in Windows 10
Select the Start button, then select Settings. Or, right-click on the desktop and choose Personalize.
Select Personalization > Themes > Desktop icon settings.
Select the Recycle Bin checkbox > Apply.

Ninite
A great way to update and install a number of useful programs. We have discussed this many times in the past. This is what we use to install the maintenance programs we recommend you use weekly.
Superantispyware
Malwarebytes
Glary Utilities
See https://tinyurl.com/y5khjplq for more on using Ninite

CCleaner
This must be initially downloaded from ccleaner.com. Then when you open it to run each week, if a newer version is available download and install it. When asked to purchase just click “no thanks” then choose the free version.

See more at https://tinyurl.com/yxa8uypr and some good how-to’s https://tinyurl.com/y6smyzo2

Place Icon on Desktop
Open the website you want an icon on the desktop for in Chrome or Brave.
Click the menu button (3 dots or dashes in u[[er right)
More tools > Create shortcut
Give it a name
Locate it on your desktop

Power Options
Windows comes with default power options that cause the computer to got to sleep after so many minutes or the screen to turn off. Also what happens when you shut the cover on a laptop. Let’s look at how to change those.

Win+I > type “power” > select power & sleep then adjust settings OR...
Win+I > type “lid” > select change what closing the lid does then adjust settings

Cut/Copy/Paste and the new Win+V
Except for the later, these shortcuts have been used for decades to copy and move files and folders. Let’s review using them and the click-shift method of selecting. Before 1903 the clipboard could only hold the last thing copied to it. When pasting, Win+V opens a list of everything sent to the clipboard since the last restart or when it was cleared,

We used notepad to demonstrate using Ctrl+C, Ctrl+X, Ctrl+V and Ctrl+Z

Change the mouse look and speed
Windows comes with a tiny mouse pointer. You can change that and it's color and the speed it moves across the screen.

Ctrl+I > type “mouse” > Change your mouse settings then click Additional mouse settings



Mouse locator
Ever have trouble locating the mouse? It is there somewhere but you can’t see it. One simple switch and hitting the ctrl key will display flashing circles around the pointer.

Desktop pictures or not
Windows displays a number of caned images at the start screen and in the desktop background. You do not have to settle for the defaults. You can even use your own pic

Win+U > Background settings

Backup reminder
Let’s talk about the need for doing backups and the number of ways to do that.

Copy to flash drive
Copy to DVD
EaseUS image
OneDrive
DropBox

PDF to TXT
Free and easy to use online PDF to text converter to extract text data from PDF files without having to install any software.

You upload a PDF with photos and text and it returns a text file of just the words. Great for extracting data from a PDF.
https://pdftotext.com/

Where are my photos?

Most of us take pictures and even short movies right on our cell phones. Three are many questions about photos.

How do we get those over to our computer?
How do we send them to others?
Can I edit them on my phone or on my computer?
Why are they so large?
How do I download a picture from Facebook?
How do I save a picture from an email?

What do I do? I use Google Photos on my phone so every picture I take is stored in the Google Cloud at no charge but having a free Google account.

Pixlr
Experience smarter and faster photo editing. Pixlr X is the only photo editor you need for quick yet professional edits. Designed with just the right amount of easy to navigate photo editing tools, you are about to experience the next best online image editor built with cutting edge technology.

This needs Adobe Flash installed. Works great with high-end edits and more. A free “photshop” like app.
https://pixlr.com/


Wednesday, September 18, 2019

Computer Club Notes 9-17-2019

Another good afternoon both online with those away and those who joined us live at the club. We had a number of questions and conversations before getting to look at the items I had bulleted in my email.

Desktop Shortcuts for Website
See https://davescomputertips.com/elderly-computing-tip/

Some shortcuts we used today:
F11 while in a browser removes the top lines like the address bar and shortcut bar to give more room for the page itself. F11 to toggle back

Win+D hides all open windows so you can see the desktop. Win+D to toggle the windows back.

Win+I opens the Settings window

Copy/Move
Getting files/folders off a device plugged into your PC--USB flash drive, camera, SD card, CD, audio recorder, etc. The device will open in File Manager and look like a disk drive with floders and files. To move that data off the external device onto your PC, left-drag the file or folder to wherever you want it to reside on your PC. Since the from device is external, left -drag will copy the data. It will end up on your PC and still remain on your device. If you are moving from one area on a device (PC or external) to another area on the same device, left-drag will move it. If you right-drag instead of left, an options menu will pop up asking what you want to do--move, copy, create a shortcut.

Ctrl+C to copy what is selected

Ctlr+X to copy what is selected and remove the selected item

Ctrl+V to paste the last thing selected

Ctrl+Z to undo the last action

Ctrl+Y to redo the last action

Win+V to scroll through the clipboard

About Defragging
Defrag is a way to put fragmented files back together on the hard drive. It speeds up access to files and frees up available space on the drive. Windows 10 does a defrag when the system is idle. However, you may run it on your own. I like the Defrag that is in Glary. CCleaner has one as well. To access the one in Windows: Win+I > type “defrag” and click to open the Optimize Drives window.

Photo Size
When you take a picture the size of the file depends on the quality of the image. An outdoor photo generally is larger than one with less light. The size is also determined by the pixel size your camera is designed to create. Most cell phones make about a 15 MP image. This creates a file size of 2-3 MB. When you send this by email you should resize the image so it does not take such a long time to send. Some email carriers have a limit on the total size of attachments.

When you upload or use the Google Photos app on your cell phone, your images will upload in their original size and you will be charged for space on Google Drive. If you select to allow Google to reduce the size of the image, you will not be charged. The size they reduce it to is still quite large. But if you download an image from Photos and compare it to the original you will see the difference.

The conclusion of our discussion was that is we have pictures that we want to retain the high quality in, keep them in a folder on your hard drive or even in OneDrive as it does not reduce the size/quality of the images.

Capture Video Playing On The PC
We did not find this during class. With Windows 10 you can capture your screen for later playback using these steps.

Switch to Settings>Gaming>Game DVR.
Set up your audio and video quality settings.
When you're ready to record, open the Game Bar with Win+G.
Click “yes, this a game”
Record your screen capture video.
Find your video in Videos>Captures.

Try it out and let me know how it works… Here is a good article about it:

Windows 10 has a built-in free screen recorder
You've very probably been using Windows 10 for a long time now, but that doesn't mean that you've discovered everything it has to offer. The operating system is packed with features, but there are some that are hidden away to the extent that they could be considered secrets.
https://tinyurl.com/y55oj853

How to create a Bootable Linux CD
First, you need to download the ISO file for the version of Linux you want to create a boot disk from. Here is a link to downloading the latest Mint ISO:
https://linuxmint.com/download.php

Be sure to choose the version for your PC, 32 or 64 bit. Now that you have it on your PC (probably in Downloads) you need to burn it to a CD.

Insert a blank DVD into your Optical drive. You may see a popup window asking you what to do with the Disc, close the window as you do not need it.

Locate the ISO image then Right-Click and select 'Burn disc image'.

Check 'Verify disc after burning' and click 'Burn'.

Take the burned DVD and boot from it. You will see a live session of that Linux OS running in RAM not having any effect on your Windows OS or your hard drive.

How To Start Word In Safe Mode
Even though it is highly unusual to encounter stability issues with Microsoft Word, it does happen on occasion. If Word is not starting properly, you can start it in Safe Mode to try to sort out what the problem may be.

We did not get into this as nobody in the class was actually using Word. If you are, check it out. It might become useful to you in the future.
http://tinyurl.com/yyxsfkt8

How to disable Google Chrome Software Reporter Tool
Software Reporter Tool is a Google Chrome standalone process that monitors your Chrome install and reports if any add-ons are interfering with the normal functioning of the browser. The tool isn’t connected to the web but mainly used by the browser to recognize programs that may conflict with it. It’s visible as a 54Kb executable named “software_reporter_tool.exe“. If you face a high CPU usage for this process or if you frequently see a message Google Chrome Software Reporter Tool has stopped working; you might want to disable or remove it. Here is how you can do it.

This is something that could slow down processing. It does require some technical ease so not everyone should attempt some of these changes.
https://tinyurl.com/y3h3a5uy

Alternative Web Browsers
Using a less-popular web browser can offer benefits not found in the more commonly used software, such as greater customization and privacy.

I use Brave and am very happy with it. If I find a web site that will not work right in Brave or another browser I use Edge. Yes, I know Edge. Web sites are generally created to use Edge because it is the one that comes with Windows.

This article shows you a number of other browsers, each with its own special features. Check them out and you might find one just for you.
https://tinyurl.com/yydhqdn8

How to Import an Old Email Account Into GmailIf you recently switched to Gmail, but want to import all your old emails into your account, Google makes it a breeze. Automatically transfer messages and contacts from one email address to the other within minutes.

My advice is to NOT use the email that your service provider supplied you. Ie: @comcast.net, @embarqmail.com. I use @yahoo.com and @gmail.com.

My provider is Comcast so I do have an email address with them. One feature in all email providers is to allow your email to be forwarded to another email address. I forward all others to my Yahoo account.

If you decide to move to another state you will have to get a new provider. Or you may just want to switch. Your new provider will assign you a new email address. If you have an internet email such as Gmail all you have to do is forward your new email to the Gmail account. Nothing changes with your email. All your contacts still know you at your Gmail address.

If you had a provider email address like an @comcast.net you would have to let all your contacts know the new email address because when you cancel that Comcast account you will not be able to receive emails there any more.

This article shows how you can use a new feature in Gmail to transfer your email including your contacts and the actual emails from your old account to your Gmail account. You don’t lose anything. You will still have to inform your contacts of the move. Do NOT cancel the old account until you have made the transfer.
https://tinyurl.com/y49555tx

Tab Notes lets you write and save notes in Firefox and ChromeType something in the page, it doesn't get simpler than this. You can use it to create as many notes as you want. To add a new note, click on the hamburger menu icon on the left to bring up the sidebar, and then select the "Plus" button. And since it works in the browser, it uses the default spell-check tool of the browser.

This is an extension that makes a notepad available to you. What you type is saved as you type. This makes it easy to take notes as you are in your browser. I use a website called notepad.pw and have that tab open at all times,
https://tinyurl.com/y6f58yz4

Tuesday, September 10, 2019

Computer Club Class Notes 9-10-2019

Last time we met we saw how to place an item for sale on eBay. It was a Chromebook that was working with an external keyboard as many of the keys on the device were non-working. We posted it as such on a seven-day auction. It was a slow start but the item sold for $52 in the last hour of bidding.




I was asked which backup program I prefer -- Macrium or EaseUS. I like them both but find EaseUS to use; fewer clicks to use it. Both work equally as good. I have written two articles about backing up and restoring using EaseUS.
Backup https://tinyurl.com/y5zvphmf
Restore https://tinyurl.com/y35lxqex

The file created is a compressed file that can only be opened with the program that created it. To do so requires you have the program that created it installed. Then you can double click the image file and view its contents.

Free HTML/WYSIWYG Online Editor
This tool was designed to make you extremely fast and efficient in HTML Editing. It's not for creating complete websites, therefore it does not create HTML head and body tags, but the body content only. The Web Editor is intended for all people who are in need of formatted HTML in their applications, websites or web content management systems (CMS). HTML5 Editor was designed to simplify the process of creating attractive web pages that render correctly in various browsers. It also helps to find and correct errors in your HTML markup so basically it's impossible to write wrong code with this tool.

I showed how you can right-click on a web page and view the source programming code written in HTML. Past it into this program and you can edit the page in WYSIWYG on the right and/or HTML code on the left. Use this tool not to borrow someone else's website but to create short blocks of code to give style to what is otherwise just text.
https://html5-editor.net/

AI Image Enlarger
AI Image Enlarger is a free software program for Windows and Mac devices, and an online service, that you may use to turn low definition photos and images into high definition ones. AI Image Enlarger promises that its upscaling technology produces high-quality results that preserve the quality of the source image.

We could not find the download page. The two we did look at did not work all that well. If you have some success please let us know.
https://tinyurl.com/yxlxyj9j

First Look at Malwarebytes 4
Malwarebytes, the maker of the security application Malwarebytes, released the first beta version of the upcoming major release Malwarebytes 4 to the public.

This was just information. It is in Beta now but be warned that something new and different looking is coming soon.
https://tinyurl.com/y3ttw3s9

Why Is My Machine Slowing Down?Perhaps when you purchased it, your computer ran like a champ and quickly did everything you needed. Now … well, not so much. Perhaps it takes forever to boot. Or starting applications is slower than molasses. Or maybe the machine just acts sluggish when you try to use it for just about anything. Regardless of the specifics, the underlying theme is simple: it’s slow.

Lots of good ideas, most of which we have discussed in the past. Here are some of my ideas.

All of a sudden going very slow, even stalling? Turn the PC off even if you have to hard stop it by holding down the power button until it shuts off. Restart and see if it is still slow. How full is your hard drive? How much memory do you have? 4 GB or more should be plenty. How old is your machine? If you have brought it from XP all the way to 10 it might be time to look for a new one; they are not very expensive. Even an old Vista or 7 might be slow.




Using Glary in 1-click Maintenance, check Disk Repair so it checks the hard drive for problems. If it finds any it will attempt to fix on the next re-boot.
https://tinyurl.com/y3kl7mb5

Windows Event Viewer
The Windows Event Viewer shows a log of application and system messages, including errors, information messages, and warnings. It’s a useful tool for troubleshooting all kinds of different Windows problems. As a rule of thumb, assuming your PC is working properly, you can pretty much ignore the errors and warnings that appear in the Event Viewer. That said, it’s worth having a basic working knowledge of the tool, and knowing when it can be useful to you.

This is more for the geek amongst us. Windows logs everything and this is a way to peek at those logs.
https://tinyurl.com/ybjuegaj

How to perform a secure disk wipe with Windows 10's Format command
Windows 10's Format command comes with a special parameter that essentially wipes a hard disk. It was easy to do and worked like a charm. I figured other folks should know about this handy feature, so let's take a closer look.

We use special wiping programs to totally clear a hard drive but with Windows 10 we can now do that wipe in Windows.
https://tinyurl.com/yb84f4n6

Larry recorded today's session. If you would like to hear it:
https://tinyurl.com/y69fucwt



Wednesday, August 28, 2019

Computer Club Class Notes 8-27-2019

Set up your computer to automatically sign in



Win+R and type NETPLWIZ, then click OK. This will bring up the User Accounts dialog box. Uncheck the “Users must enter…” box, then click Apply.



Enter and confirm your Password, then click OK and OK. The next time you boot, you will not be prompted for a password.

Speaking of passwords, write it down somewhere. Even though you will be signed right in, there will be times you will need to know the password. Even if you switch to using a 4-digit PIN, you will still need your password.

Saving Pictures from Facebook


Find the picture on someone’s post or in their photos. Click the picture and on the next screen right-click and choose Save image as. I let all mine go to my Downloads folder. Now that it is on your computer you can print it, email it to someone, post in on your page, message it to someone…

When you upload a picture to your Facebook page you can place it a post or upload it to an album you have already created or create a new album.

Selling items online
There are many ways to sell things online. It all depends on how much you have to sell, if it is an online business you want to start, or just an item from time to time. I have used eBay to sell items and have been successfully doing it. It is an auction site meaning you place the item on eBay and people bid on it. Highest bid gets the item. You can say what the minimum amount you will take and you can even set a “buy now” amount. Another site is etsy.com.

Etsy is a global online marketplace, where people come together to make, sell, buy, and collect unique items. You post the item and set the price. Those interested in buying your item at that price will contact you. It is even easier is Facebook Marketplace.

www.facebook.com/Marketplace‎ Easy and Fast Way to Connect Buyers and Sellers. Find What You Want. Get Deals & Sell Faster. You post the item and the price and your local area Facebook users get to see it and communicate with you on Facebook Private Message to negotiate the price and arrange to meet to deliver it.

Next we gave a quick demonstration of using eBay to purchase things and to check the value of things. There have been a few classes in the past about eBay and selling things on it. Check back in the class notes for those handouts. We also talked about using PayPal and that you do not need an account to pay for something using it. When you give them your credit card or bank account information it stays at PayPal. The person you are buying from never see it. They get their money from PayPal.

Then we actually posted something, an Acer Chromebook that has a bad keyboard. Here is the post:



And the link to view it: http://ebay.us/XYc9Mq?cmpnId=5338273189

One person has already made an offer to buy it for $25. I will wait until the end of the auction to let them have it.

Lots of help on eBay website
https://tinyurl.com/y2qasgc7

Wednesday, August 21, 2019

Computer Club Class Notes 8-20-2019

We covered over an hour of topics before we got to the agenda. Good discussions and great questions. Here are some of the items we discussed.

PDF
A PDF is a Portable Document File and can be generated by choosing the printer “Microsoft Print to PDF”. That will generate a file that can be sent to anyone with any type of computer device and they can read it. In Windows 10, Microsoft Edge can read PDFs. Adobe Acrobat had been the free PDF reader of choice for many for years.

Image Resize
When we take a digital picture it ends up as a 1-5 MB file. Try to email that to someone and it could be larger than permitted with your email carrier. Use an image resizer to create a new and smaller image to send to others. Here is one we talked about back in May:

Faststone image resizer
FastStone Photo Resizer is an image converter and renaming tool that intends to enable users to convert, rename, resize, crop, rotate, change color depth, add text and watermarks to images in a quick and easy batch mode. Drag and Drop mouse operation is well supported. FastStone Photo Resizer makes quick work of batches of digital snapshot!
http://tinyurl.com/yxaj2u75

Grammarly is an extension that corrects your spell in your grammar on the fly. Does a good job.
https://tinyurl.com/y3mc9h9t

Google Cloud
Remember a cloud is hard drive storage at a location away from your location. It is accessed using the internet. The data stored is encrypted so only you can access it.

Windows 10 has OneDrive, a 5 gb cloud
Google comes with 15gb
Google Photos provides unlimited photo storage
Dropbox comes with 2gb
And there are many more out there. In every case you can purchase more space for a reasonable cost.

For pictures I use Google Photos. It is unlimited and with the app on my cell phone every picture I take is automatically sent to the Google Cloud. If you have a free google account (gMail) you have the Google Drive (drive.google.com).

Google Docs
If you have a Google account, you have 15 gb of storage in their cloud and have access at drive.google.com. All your Google data is stored here. Your gMail, your Google Photos, and anything else you upload to the “drive”. If you are storing your photos or movies or Google documents, the storage is free. If you are uploading non-Google files they use your 15 gb of free space. If you run out, you can purchase more space at a reasonable monthly fee.

I use Google Docs and Spreadsheets for most of my writing. Not only is it available on my PC, but also on my cell phone and Chromebook and LinuxMint computer, and at anyone else’s computer. Access is on the web and all files are stored there. Sharing files with others is a simple as clicking Share and sending them the link. They can view but not change or I can set it to allow their comments or even to modify the file.

How to enable Ransomware Protection
Windows Defender has been gaining a foothold steadily for the past few years. But there is one flaw in the antivirus that ships with Windows 10. The option for Ransomware Protection is disabled by default even though it is available as a native option since the release of Windows 10 version 1709.

One of our members noted that a number of valid programs were flagged as ransomware. He had to go in and make them exceptions. From that point on all worked fine. Here is what he had to say:

“You should try the Ransomware Protection. I did and found it a pain in the butt. I just turned it back on the other day when Harold emailed about it. It immediately blocked Outlook in Office. Unfortunately, many routine programs get blocked. Not that hard to make exceptions but still a pain. Talk to the class about it but be aware of the false positives. Some are Windows system files if that makes any sense. Why would they get blocked? “
https://tinyurl.com/yywomfut




System Information
System software DescriptionSystem Information is a system profiler included with Microsoft Windows that displays diagnostic and troubleshooting information related to the operating system, hardware and software.

Win+R > msinfo32



Win+Pause

How to fix 100% disk usage in Windows
High disk usage can be tricky to fix, but here are the common reasons why it happens and how you can solve it and make Windows responsive again. There are several things that can cause 100% disk usage in Windows, and it can be a tricky problem to solve. But help is at hand: here are all the common reasons why it happens and how you can fix it.

This article outlines some ways the author has found. The first says to restart. Better to shutdown and restart; this reloads everything. Use task manager (Shift+Ctrl+Esc) to see what applications are taking the most disk usage. Something is running and it may be just a bad hard drive.
https://tinyurl.com/y566vhqu

100% Disk Usage in Windows 10 Fixed With 14 Tricks
Got 100% disk usage in Windows 10? So your computer is hanging and freezing. Same old Windows, right? Except you’re using a brand-new Windows 10 device; you’ve only had it a few days. So just what is going on?

This is a much better article on the 100% issue. Here are some of the suggestions it addresses:
  • Check disk performance with chkdisk
  • Check your anti-virus/malware software
  • Disable Windows search
  • Disable Superfetch service
  • Time to disable Flash
  • Is Windows Update causing 100% disk usage?
Neither article mentions is to disable the background apps from running and disabling things in Startup.
https://tinyurl.com/y5k5bhhe

Emsisoft Emergency Kit is a free portable antivirus
This has been around for a long time and ranks high in troubleshooting arsenals.The emergency kit is available for Windows 7 through Windows 10.The download has a size of 326 Megabyte sand comes as a self-extracting installer; it does not need to be installed but is extracted to a location when you execute it. You may then run the program from that location, even if it is on a USB drive.

Download at https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/download/emsisoft-emergency-kit/. Run it and have the installation go to your flash drive. Then it can be run at anytime from the flash drive.
https://tinyurl.com/y6qvmyle

Malwarebytes releases AdwCleaner 7.4
Malwarebytes, maker of the security solution of the same name, released a new version of the company's AdwCleaner program this week. AdwCleaner is a standalone free program designed to detect and remove adware and other unwanted software programs from Windows machines.

This one actually finds things MalwareBytes misses. Worth running from time to time.
https://tinyurl.com/y64bjvyh

Friday, August 16, 2019

Computer Club Notes 8-13-2019

Club Favorites
At each general meeting George demonstrates a program or website that is useful. You can find the ones he has shown us on our club website at cccgc.info. Find the link on the right side:

Click 3 Favorites to see the list since this January. At the August meeting he showed us a site that gives us access to over three million manuals. We keyed in the model number for an audio recorder one of our members had with him and instantly had the 300+ page manual for it.

Preview the new CCleaner BrowserWe know that CCleaner users like to keep junk under control, stay private, and get things done fast. That's why we've built a safer browser that puts you in control of your digital footprint and stops browsing cluttering up your PC.

We installed it and found it to be similar to Google Chrome and Brave. Did not see anything bad about it all. Give it a try and see what you think.
https://tinyurl.com/y4xnee9p

An image editor you'll LOVE! or so we thought...Looked like a neat program. It used to be around as a free application. Now it is free to try, but the require your credit card so we did not give it an actual trial. Watched a demo of it that looked good--gave us a few new “Tech terms” like "tad", "easy pizy", and "smidge"
https://tinyurl.com/y35sv859

Free PicMonkey Alternative. Ribbet is a 100% online photo editor like PicMonkey, and best of all it's free. Apply sophisticated effects, stickers, frames, fonts, borders and more in seconds and without any training or classes.
https://www.ribbet.com/photo-editor-like-picmonkey

What Is a VPN?
VPN software creates an encrypted connection (often referred to as a tunnel) between your computer and a server controlled by the VPN company, and then passes all network activity through that protected tunnel. This way, your online activities are hidden from everyone—including your ISP, which is now allowed to sell your anonymized information.

Think of it this way: If you drive out of your garage, someone can follow your car and track where you went, how long you were there, and when you returned home. We call that stalking. Using a VPN service is like driving into a closed parking garage, switching to a different car, and then driving out. Anyone following your original car now has no idea where you went after entering the garage. A VPN service keeps the stalkers at bay.
https://tinyurl.com/y4h2t2w3

What is a VPN connection, what does it do, and how do you set one up?
You may have heard the term VPN used more and more frequently in recent years. VPN stands for Virtual Private Network, a VPN serves several purposes, including making online activities more secure. For that reason alone, we recommend that everyone use a VPN.
https://tinyurl.com/y6f3j5zn

Do I need a VPN?
Get more from the Internet—especially privacy, anonymity and safety—by using a VPN before you do anything online! Who doesn't love the Internet? It delivers information, answers, entertainment and connections to you, on demand, in seconds. From anywhere and at any time from our desktop computers, laptops, smartphone and tablets. It's a life-saver for students of all ages, moms, businesses, organizations...everyone.

But the Internet is not perfect. It has some built-in flaws that make you vulnerable when you're online. You should know that, because hackers, government and other snoopers and advertisers take full advantage of it.

A VPN changes that for you!
But you can make the Internet safer, more secure and definitely more private with the help of a VPN...a virtual private network. Don't you want to go on the Internet without being tracked, monitored, and identified...without your knowledge? In today's world, that freedom is getting harder to find.

A VPN...described.
As long as your router is secured and your Wi-Fi is using something like a WPA or WPA2 password, then by and large, you probably don't need a VPN at home. Most VPN services are tailored for the traveler who is regularly using open and untrustworthy hotspots and other internet connections on the road.

Here's a quick, helpful definition...and about all you need to know about a VPN.

A VPN is a service that you sign up for online for a small monthly charge

Once you have an account, your VPN service should be "on" when you're online

A VPN, in action, takes your Internet connection and makes it more secure, helps you stay anonymous and helps you get around blocks and access censored sites.

The key to a VPN is that it lends you a temporary IP address and hides your true IP address from every website or email you connect with

It's Virtual...because it's as if you have a private connection directly to any website or another computer you connect to.

It's Private...because all your website visits and online activity is between you and the websites you visit.

It's a Network...because you're using a special network of VPN servers that covers the entire globe.

Your IP address is a behind-the-scenes number your Internet provider assigns your computer that allows you to go anywhere on the Internet. It's something like the house number on your home.

That's the good news. The somewhat "bad" news is that your IP address also gives away your computing location, at home or on the road. That bothers a lot of computer users.
https://tinyurl.com/y4hrw4r2

Backing Up
Our computers are reliable until they are not. Eventually the hard disk drive will fail and when it does you are out of luck unless you have been making backups. So me of you may be copying important files down to flash drives but I have not found that to be true with most. Backing up is on the things to do list but always gets pushed down by our busy life. Who knew being retired would be so filled with stuff to do? It is really easy to do. Install the software (Link on the club site) and run it. Once you have started the backup go watch television or go out for dinner. When you get back it will be all done. Here is a link to the recent article I wrote on using EaseUS.
https://davescomputertips.com/how-to-lets-talk-backups/

Downloading a video from YouTube.
  1. Open the video on YouTube
  2. Ctrl+L to access the URL
  3. Left Arrow and then right arrow over to just before the letter Y
  4. Type SS and hit enter


Click Download…with low quality (it’s free)


Click Free download…



Click Download and watch the video… or



Click the three dots



Click Download



Choose a location to save the file and its name

You now have the full video on your computer



Tuesday, July 30, 2019

Computer Club Class Notes 7-30-2019

We did not get to discuss what a VPN is and will get to it next time we meet. Next week is the General Meeting so our open forum will be held from 6-7 pm. Beginner class is from 5-7. Hope to see you all there. Come with questions for me.

I know we discussed a lot and I do not remember all the topics we hit on. Here are a few...

What does gmail archive do?Unlike Outlook, when you Archive a message in Gmail, the message is hidden from your Inbox view. So in effect, archiving lets you tidy up your inbox by moving messages from your inbox into your All Mail label, so you don't have to delete anything.

What computer should I buy?
Most of our users have Windows and most of them Windows 10. When it is time to purchase a new one, what should you look for? The first question I ask is what do you use your computer for? If all your work revolves around the Internet, perhaps a Chromebook would work well for you. If you have some specialized software you regularly use then another Windows 10 one may be called for. You might even look to a Linux based computer.

A Windows based machine needs regular maintenance and an active anti-virus program running all the time. I use Windows Defender (will be renamed soon to Microsoft Defender). The Chromebook and the Linux machines do not need antivirus or other maintenance programs. They are great for surfing the web, doing word processing and spreadsheet work, and running any web based apps like your banking and , getting into you medical providers. etc.

Keyboard shortcuts in Windows
Here it is, a full list of keyboard shortcuts from Microsoft for Windows 7, 8.1, and 10
https://tinyurl.com/znjwvqu

OneDrive sync problems on Windows 10When you're facing syncing issues with OneDrive, it's likely to be a problem with the desktop client, and in this guide, we'll show you the steps to troubleshoot and fix the problem.

OneDrive needs you to sign in with your Microsoft Account. If you do not have one, create one. OneDrive comes with Windows 10. Whatever you place in your OneDrive folder (Folders and File) automatically goes into your cloud storage in your Microsoft account. Add or change a file in OneDrive on your computer and it is updated in your OneDrive in the cloud. You get 5 GB of space in OneDrive for free. For $1.99 a month you can increase that to 50 GB. If you choose to go for Office 365, you get 1 TB for free.
http://tinyurl.com/y4evgeoz

You’re Slowing Down Your PCSWhile all computers slow down over time, in many cases, your own behavior can cause your computer to run slowly. Here are common mistakes that will slow your machine down to a crawl, and how to stop making them. You can see the problems by looking at performance in the Task Manager. Right-click on the taskbar and choose task manager.



If you don’t see this multi-tabbed view, in the lower left of the smaller view, click More details.

A slow computer probably shows Disk usage at 100% or perhaps Memory at 100%. If this is the case you need to have your computer looked at.
https://tinyurl.com/y3xs7g2y

CCleaner may install CCleaner BrowserCCleaner, the popular Windows file cleaning software, may install the web browser CCleaner Browser as part of the installation process if users are not careful. Watch the check boxes that appear on the install screen for CCleaner. Uncheck them or you will install more than just CCleaner. If you do you can just uninstall them. The programs CCleaner piggybacks are not malware, just programs you do not need.
https://tinyurl.com/yyxg5c9e 


Tuesday, July 23, 2019

Computer Club Class Notes 7-23-2019


Bonanza.com for good buys on lots of stuff including Microsoft Office and Windows. Here is what they say: “Experience has proven to us that listening to our sellers' feedback is the best opportunity we have to consistently improve our product. That's why we've developed various tools over the years to make online selling easy. Our business relies on making successful sellers, so it's not a coincidence that the tools we offer can be customized to fit our sellers' needs.”
https://tinyurl.com/y3kd6qg5




Linux vs Windows
Linux does not need a powerful machine to run swiftly. An older XP computer will work well. Needs little hard disk space and minimal memory depending on the distro you use. I like Linux Mint and Lubuntu. No need for any antivirus or anti malware programs. They come with Firefox and sometime Chromium and some kind of “office” capability like LibreOffice. There are no weekly updates or six month replacement versions. They just work. But they only run software designed for Linux, and there are many out there.

Easy to try as you first download the ISO file and burn a boot CD.

Boot from that CD and your version of Linux runs completely in memory without touching your hard drive.

Once you are sure you will like it, click the icon to install it alongside your current OS or have it wipe your drive and install as a stand alone OS.

CCleaner Browser
CCleaner Browser is a web browser with built-in security and privacy features to keep you safe online. It comes packed with all the tools you need to manage your online privacy, identity, and personal data. You can download CCleaner Browser at:
www.ccleaner.com/ccleaner/browser

Paint 3D replaces MS Paint, a decades favorite of Windows users It is a built-in creative application that comes free with Windows 10*. It is designed to be simple yet powerful by allowing you to create professional or fun creative projects by easily combining 2D and 3D tools. The best part is that you don’t need any design experience – Paint 3D can be used by anyone. Its approachable interface makes it easy to customize existing 3D models from our built-in 3D library or create 3D designs from scratch.
https://tinyurl.com/y6tn68sd

Instagram is a free, online photo-sharing application and social network platform that was acquired by Facebook in 2012. Instagram allows users to edit and upload photos and short videos through a mobile app. ... Users also have the option of making their profile private, so that only their followers can view their posts.
https://tinyurl.com/yyk4ls25

Blogger is a blog-publishing service that allows multi-user blogs with time-stamped entries. It was developed by Pyra Labs, which was bought by Google in 2003. The blogs are hosted by Google and generally accessed from a subdomain of blogspot.com. I use blogger for our club page at http://evanstraining.blogspot.com It makes an easy way to create and maintain a personal and business web site.
https://tinyurl.com/y26razxq

Other ways to get yourself on the Web at little or no cost include About.me, Web Starts, and GoDaddy.

Quick Removal new default
Quick removal is the safer option as it ensures that devices can be disconnected from the Windows PC directly. Better performance improves performance but requires that users need to use the "Safely remove hardware" option before they unplug external storage devices. Failure to do so may lead to data loss
https://tinyurl.com/yynek995 https://tinyurl.com/y5utqm4t

Unchecky
Installers often try to sneak additional programs as a natural part of the installation. Unchecky warns you when you try to accept a potentially unwanted offer, which makes it less likely to be accepted accidentally.
https://tinyurl.com/jlkdwxa

What is a personal cloud?
loud Storage (PCS) is a local network-attached storage (NAS) device that lets users store data, photos, music, videos and other files and is optimized for media streaming. PCS devices are a way for home users to experience the advantages of high-capacity, cloud-based storage without losing control of their data. Users can access content on their PCS device from multiple computers using a web browser, while mobile apps provide access from iOS and Android devices. Files can be shared without using a public cloud service.
https://tinyurl.com/y5nnygg5

Friday, July 19, 2019

Computer Club Class Notes 7-16-2019

Facebook
We have not spent time on this for many months. This was a refresher and a starting point for those new with social media. We did not get very far but covered a lot of ground answering questions.




Under Settings > Notifications you can set your account to not send you emails for every little thing.



When posting Public everyone can see your postings. Better to post Friends so nobody else will see it.



If you do not want all your friends or everyone to see your note to someone, do NOT put it as a comment under someone else's post. Make it a PM or Private Message by going to their page and clicking Message. Only they will see the message and their response will only go to you.

Twitter
What is this much talked about thing. How do you get started with it and is it for you? Think of it as group texting with the world as your recipients.

You can follow others by simply going to their Twitter to view their tweets. It used to be a place to say something in 128 characters or less; like a text message that has an audience of many.

It you go to someone's Twitter page you can elect to follow them meaning you get a notification every time they tweet. Twitter has been making big changes. The 128 had increased to 256 and now you can add pictures and more. And Twitter now displays ads right in your area for others to see.

See my page at https://twitter.com/richardevans32

I was asked about the possibility of recording a Webinar. The answer is yes. There are many programs that will allow you to capture whatever is happening on your computer. A popular one I have known for years is SnagIt.
https://tinyurl.com/y27cbsxt




CCCGC website as of 24 August 2004

Archive.org
The Internet Archive, a 501(c)(3) non-profit, is building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form. Like a paper library, we provide free access to researchers, scholars, the print disabled, and the general public. Our mission is to provide Universal Access to All Knowledge.



Ninite
Ninite.com is the safest site to install programs from. When you open ninite.com you are presented with a list of programs to select from. You check the ones you want and then click the Get Installer button. That does not download any of the programs you have checked, it downloads a tiny program to your computer with a list of the programs you checked.



When you run that installer program it looks over each program selected to see if you have it already installed on your computer. If not, it downloads and installs it. If you already have the program it compares the version on your computer to the available one. If the one you have is already the latest, it does nothing with that program. If the one you have is older, the latest is downloaded and installed for you.

The next time you want to check to see if you have the latest updates you do not have to go to ninite and start over. If you still have the installer program on your computer, just double-click it.


Classic Start (AKA Classic Shell) gives you a start menu on Windows 10 that has the appearance of XP, Vista, or 7. It is easy to use and easy to setup. Open ninite.com and select Class Start. When installed, the next time you click the Start button you get to choose what want the program to emulate, I chose Windows 7 with the Windows Aero skin. Right-click on Start and you can exit out of it (will reappear on next restart) or open Settings to change your preferences.


----

We did NOT get to talk about any of the following and will look at them in future sessions.

How to prompt your memory with Google Photos
Memory is a tricky thing. Some of us are great at attaching names to faces, while others (and here I raise my hand) have always had a problem with remembering names, especially when you meet someone out of context. For example, imagine the embarrassment when someone you know from work suddenly shows up at a friend’s party, and you spend the next hour trying to remember their name.
http://tinyurl.com/yxapt9xx

How to use the new Facebook Marketplace feature
The Marketplace app is easy to navigate -- you can browse, search by keyword or search by category. Now, when you find an item you like, you'll see an option to checkout directly through the app. You can choose the quantity you want and the shipping price.
http://tinyurl.com/y2qmrxfd

Background Apps
Left to its own devices Windows will happily run all sorts of stuff in the background on your PC. A lot of the time you might not even realize it’s happening. One important thing to consider, however, is that all these background Apps use up precious system resources and that might not be a good thing on an older computer. Heck, even on modern systems, why have the CPU working on things that don’t matter to you?
http://tinyurl.com/yywfl2hh

Microsoft revives Power Toys
Remember Power Toys? If you worked on PCs when Windows 95 or XP were en vogue, you may remember that Microsoft released a number of useful tools back then to extend the functionality of the Windows operating system. http://tinyurl.com/y5zy6du8

FireDrum
Send beautiful mobile responsive email campaigns in minutes for free.
https://tinyurl.com/y6guse3g

Unchecky
Installers often try to sneak additional programs as a natural part of the installation. Unchecky warns you when you try to accept a potentially unwanted offer, which makes it less likely to be accepted accidentally.
https://tinyurl.com/jlkdwxa

Quick Removal new default
Quick removal is the safer option as it ensures that devices can be disconnected from the Windows PC directly. Better performance improves performance but requires that users need to use the "Safely remove hardware" option before they unplug external storage devices. Failure to do so may lead to data loss
https://tinyurl.com/yynek995 https://tinyurl.com/y5utqm4t

Tuesday, July 9, 2019

Computer Club Class Notes 7-9-2019

WPS Office 2019You do not need Microsoft Office. This is a free and complete office suite that reads and writes in the same format as MS Office. Your dream solution for a low-budget, no-commitment, free productivity office suite. The smallest size office suite consisting of Writer, Presentation, and Spreadsheets. Automatically synchronize document on any device, anywhere and anytime. You can log in your account to activate the synchronization service. Any change on any of your devices will be applied on all your devices.
http://tinyurl.com/y3zakuny

Look up hard disk information with PowerShell
Windows PowerShell is quite powerful when it comes to looking up hard disk information. While you may look up some information in Windows directly, e.g. in Disk Management, or by using third-party programs like Hard Disk Validator, Disk Checkup, or DiskBoss, using PowerShell is a quick and easy option as well.
https://tinyurl.com/yxen89x3

Hard Drive Diagnostic Tool Crystal Disk Info
Crystal Disk is a tool to display the work hours of any connected hard drive on a Windows system. The hard drive diagnostic tool can do a lot more than that however and that is why you are reading this review.
https://tinyurl.com/y4zpjkjg

Disable Search Indexing in Windows 10
In this article, we will see how to disable the Search Indexing feature in Windows 10. It can be useful, if you have a fast SSD drive. Search results will always be up to date, because the OS won't use the search index database. Here is how it can be done.

Open an elevated command prompt.

Type the following commands:

sc stop "WSearch"

sc config "WSearch" start= disabled


https://tinyurl.com/yynhvjq4

Google can delete your account when you die
Your Google account is probably the last thing you think about when making your end-of-life plans. The same likely goes for logging off your online life. But it's a good one to add to the mental list -- and it's something that's easy to take care of any time.
http://tinyurl.com/yywu3ht9



PicResize
Easily crop, resize, and edit your images online for FREE. Images are automatically deleted after 30 minutes.
https://picresize.com

Changes coming to Google Photos and Google Drive

Photos and videos that users take using Google Photos are automatically synced to Google Drive currently, a useful option for Google customers who like to push media to their desktop devices using Google Drive. Similarly, new photos and videos added to Google Drive will show up in the Photos application as well. Starting July 10, automatic syncing will be disabled.
http://tinyurl.com/yxa4y5nu

Enabling the internal speaker
If you have a desktop without external speakers, you may be able to use the speaker on the motherboard that gives the beeps when you turn the machine on. This article tells how that might be possible. It depends on the motherboard and whether or not there is an internal speaker.
http://tinyurl.com/y972vyct



Email STRIPPER is a free program for cleaning the ">" and other formatting characters out of your emails. It will restore "forwarded" or "replied" emails back to their original state so they're easier to read.
http://tinyurl.com/y7gp8b7d

HangoutsEach week the class is broadcast on Google Hangouts. Sign in from wherever you are by going to http://tinyurl.com/DickEvans

Belarc Advisor
Is a tool to analyze your PC giving you a list of all programs installed and the key codes to software like Microsoft Windows, MS Office, and more.
https://tinyurl.com/y68zoh3d



Private Browsing
No matter which browser you use, what you search and where you go is kept. Unless… Each browser has a way to browse in such a way that the information is not sent. Google Chrome calls it Incognito and you open it with Shift+Ctrl+N. In Brave it is called Private Browsing and it open with the same Shift+Ctrl+N. What you search is kept on your computer until you leave the window. Then anything about your session is gone, except for anything you may have downloaded. Edge calls it InPrivate Browsing and you access it with Shift+Ctrl+P.

Wednesday, June 19, 2019

Online Class Notes 6-19-2019

We started with five online and had a couple join us in the Library. For those of you who know about or are even using Kodi, this may be on interest to you:



LibreELEC 9.0.2 (Leia) has arrived based upon Kodi v18.2, the 9.0.2 release contains many changes and refinements to user experience and a complete overhaul of the underlying OS core to improve stability and extend hardware support. Kodi v18 also brings new features like Kodi Retroplayer and DRM support that (equipped with an appropriate add-on) allows Kodi to unofficially stream content from services like Netflix and Amazon.
https://libreelec.tv/ https://www.makeuseof.com/tag/creative-projects-reuse-old-pc/



How to Use Kodi: The Complete Setup Guide

How Do I Edit a Reply or a Forward?
Even though you might not see it, most email programs include the original message as part of your reply. If you don’t edit the reply yourself, your one-line response might be accompanied by the entire original message that everyone’s already seen. The problem, of course, is that exactly how to edit the entire reply often isn’t obvious at all.
http://tinyurl.com/y4rr4632

Speech to Text
Our phones let us speak into them and convert our words to typed letters. Well, Window 10 can do it too. Win+H and turn on the speech to text feature. What you say is typed into wherever your cursor is on the screen. Works in Email, Facebook message, WordPad… everywhere. Give it a try.

MailChimp is a great way to send multiple emails. If you send them using your normal email like comcast, embarque, yahoo, gmail, or whatever you can send multiple emails by inserting more than one email address in the TO, CC, or BCC boxes. However, each email service has a maximum number of emails you can send in a month without being considered spamming. Using a free service like MailChimp lets you maintain a database of names and email addresses and when you send using their service everyone gets an individual email. You can even write it now and schedule it to be sent in the future. After it is sent you can check the reporting feature to see how many were actually read and even who read it.

Ransomware is a type of malware that prevents or limits users from accessing their system, either by locking the system's screen or by locking the users' files unless a ransom is paid. Use an image backup application at least once a month to ensure that any attack can be removed by simply formatting the hard drive to eliminate it and restoring from the latest image backup file. I also use Malwarebytes (the free version) to check frequently that I do not have any of its code on my computers.

Win+U opens the Ease of Access window at the Display window. Here you can adjust the settings for your display. Many options to personalize including making text larger and animation and hiding scrollbars and more

I have turned off the following on my computer:



Life360 is a family networking app. It is a location-based service designed primarily to allow friends or family members to share location with each other. You can see where the other person is located and if driving you can see them move along the route and what speed they are traveling at.

A new shortcut allows you to capture a portion of the screen and saves it to the clipboard: Shift+Win+S. Prior to 1809, the clipboard only held the last item sent to it. Now it saves them all until you clear it or restart the computer. To access the saved items and use them use the shortcut Win+V.

Wednesday, June 12, 2019

Online Computer Club Notes 6-12-2019

The library class was online today in Monticello, KY. The locals did not come but we spent an hour with the faithful from around the country using Hangouts once again. Thank for being part of today’s adventure. Will try this again next Wednesday at 3:30 and see who shows from Monticello.

Here are some of the things we looked at today:

WIn+U opens the Ease of Access window at the Display window. Here you can adjust the settings for your display. Many options to personalize including making text larger and animation and hiding scrollbars and more

I have turned off the following on my computer:




I demonstrated two new apps I have been using on my cell phone:
Life360 and Zello.


Life360 is a family networking app. It is a location-based service designed primarily to allow friends or family members to share location with each other. You can see where the other person is located and if driving you can see them move along the route and what speed they are traveling at.



Zello is an application that emulates push-to-talk walkie-talkies over cell phone networks. The apps are available for smartphones and your Windows PC. Reminds me of the old Nextel flip phones. I used their walkie-talkie feature all the time.

Restart File Explorer
One of the more common causes of a slow computer is the file system becoming overloaded and bogged down with things to do. The easiest way to solve this problem is to simply restart File Explorer.
  1. Win+E to open File Explorer
  2. Right-click on the taskbar and select Task Manager
  3. Locate ‘Windows Explorer’ (which may also display as Explorer.exe)

4. Right-click and select Restart (be careful not to click End Task, because that will cause the PC to crash)

Your computer should now feel more responsive and any of the glitches that were appearing will hopefully have vanished.

A look at Win-X Menu 3.0 for Windows
Windows 10 users who invoke the Windows-X menu get options to launch a selection of advanced tools and common tasks when it opens. They may open Computer Management, PowerShell, or the Event Viewer from the menu directly, run searches, programs, or shut down the system.
http://tinyurl.com/yxw8w4hc

Show Seconds On Clock
Windows 95 was the last version of Windows to display the seconds in the System Tray clock. Microsoft’s reasoning when they removed this feature was since system memory was limited at that time. That memory restriction no longer exists which means you can once again display the seconds if you have a need to do so.
http://tinyurl.com/y2gqqdmw

A Keyboard Mouse?
Did you know you can use your keypad as a mouse? If your mouse conks out on you, here is a convenient quick fix.
http://tinyurl.com/y3fwyh23

Easy Photo Editor is a simple and free image editing tool that makes your pictures look more beautiful. The text tool allows you to add text to your image, select font type, font color and more to make your photo "speaks" for itself! Features: • Select image from your phone media library or camera.
http://www.easyphotoedit.com/

InternetOff allows you to quickly turn off the internet so that you can go offline. When you need the connection, you can enable the internet easily for some period (and it will be automatically turned off) or permanently in just two clicks. Besides the program lets you password protect and schedule access to the internet.
http://tinyurl.com/y6ph7qyn

How to convert YouTube videos to music filesWhen you want to save the music from YouTube videos it's much better to choose YouTube to MP3 software that can save and convert the file in one fell swoop. Any Video Converter Free downloads videos and saves them in virtually any audio or video format you can think of.
http://tinyurl.com/y5ncr7kb




Friday, May 24, 2019

Computer Club Notes 5-21-2019

Ease Of AccessWIn+U opens the Ease of Access window at the Display window. Here you can adjust the settings for your display. Many options to personalize including making text larger and animation and hiding scrollbars and more

Paint is backAfter announcing MS Paint’s “deprecation” back in 2017, Microsoft has gone in the other direction. Not only is Microsoft Paint sticking around in Windows 10—Microsoft just updated it with new keyboard controls. All those plans have been canceled. MS Paint will stay in Windows 10 and won’t move to the Store. Most shockingly, Microsoft has started updating it with new accessibility features.
http://tinyurl.com/y59qsddb

Airplane mode--why?We understand the Airplane mode when flying, but why if we are on the ground? If you leave your device constantly looking for a viable WiFi connection it affects your performance and drains your battery. Also, if you need a quicker than normal charge, turn airplane mode on your phone. Just remember to turn it off when done or you will not get phone calls.

Importance of backupsBacking up is your computer's life insurance policy. We live in Florida so we know the importance of having an insurance policy on our homes. We remember Charlie. What got damaged or destroyed was rebuilt.

What happens when our computer crashes? Could be a worn out hard drive. Could be a virus. Could be a dropped laptop. Could be a stolen laptop. Whatever causes you not to be able to access your system the result is the same and you are not a happy camper.

What if you could get everything back just the way it was in a matter of hours? Isn’t that the kind of insurance you want to have?

Facebook remindersWhenever an action occurs in Facebook, an email is sent to your registered email address. This is by default and can be an annoyance. To stop that from happening choose settings and then notifications then email. Select what you want to be sent to you in an email. I only get important notifications.

PostingOn your profile, you choose who sees the post: Public, Friends… Only Me
On someone else's profile, if they allow you to do so
Tagging pictures will put pictures on someone else’s profile if they have not blocked that feature
Go into Settings > Timeline and Tagging Settings to limit who can post or tag to your timeline

RemindersIf you only want one person to see your post, send it on messenger
If you do not want to see someone’s posts in your newsfeed, unfollow them
If you do not want the world to see your posts, do not post them as public

Tag or not tag your photos?
Tagging will place the photo on your friend's page

Allow games to see your friends?
Only if you want the game to know all your friends names

Where is My Email?IMAP allows you to view the same email inbox on multiple devices because the messages stay on the server. This is how your gmail, yahoo. Hotmail, etc are accessed. Therefore you can access mail from any device by signing in to your account.

POP downloads email messages to your computer and remove them from the server. This is how MS Office Outlook handles your email. You can only access your mail on the device you have installed Outlook -- not the Outlook Mail that comes with Windows 10.

Uninstalling ProgramsYou can uninstall programs right in Windows or using the maintenance program CCleaner. In CCleaner goto Tools > Uninstall. I suggest sorting by date to view what has been recently installed or by name to locate a specific program easily. 


To use Windows press Win+I and choose Apps. A list of all programs will appear. Click on the one you wish to remove and choose Uninstall. 


Then confirm by click Uninstall. Esc to back out.

Tuesday, May 14, 2019

Computer Club Notes 5-14-2019

Faststone image resizer
FastStone Photo Resizer is an image converter and renaming tool that intends to enable users to convert, rename, resize, crop, rotate, change color depth, add text and watermarks to images in a quick and easy batch mode. Drag and Drop mouse operation is well supported. FastStone Photo Resizer makes quick work of batches of digital snapshot!
http://tinyurl.com/yxaj2u75

F8 Revived
Ever since Windows 95 we have been able to press F8 while the computer was starting and boot into Safe Mode. We could elect to boot with or without networking and even to boot to a DOS-like command prompt--C:\. Enter Windows 10 and the old F8 went away.
http://tinyurl.com/y48mfrbz

Irfanview
IrfanView is an image viewer, editor, organizer and converter program for Microsoft Windows. It can also play video and audio files and has some image creation and painting capabilities.
Get it on Ninite

Multiple Desktops
You see people with two or three or more monitors on their computer. Well, maybe on a TV show. With Windows 10 we can get the same effect with one screen using the new virtual desktop feature. You can have two or three or ten screens all on one computer monitor. Using Task View you can see the virtual desktops available to you and even create additional ones; as many as you need. In that same view, you can drag open windows between desktops and easily switch back and forth.

Also reminded all about using Alt+Tab to switch between active windows on any of the desktops. And just mousing over the taskbar browser icon to see miniature pop-ups of the active windows.

Linux
Demonstrated Linux Mint working on my laptop. It is on it with Windows 10. When I boot, I am offered to start with either Mint or Windows 10. The default on mine is Mint so I have to be quick to take the Windows option.

Linux is one of many possible operating systems. Just to name the popular ones, we have Windows, Chromebook, LinuxMint, Lubuntu, and Ubuntu. The last three are variations of Linux. An older version of Lubuntu I was installing today only need 512mb of RAM and a 20gb hard drive. The newer versions of all of them need 2gb or RAM and 20gb of hard disk space.

Thave a look and feel of Windows run many of the programs we use in Windows, like LibreOffice, Firefox, Chrome, and more. But Windows programs can only run on a Windows computer and Linux programs on a Linux computer. There is, however, a Linux program called WINE that will allow a number of Windows programs to run in Linux.

Did I mention that Linux is FREE? And you do not have run an antivirus program or maintenance programs. This is like the Apple products and the Chromebooks--no need for the “fixit” programs.

1903
One of our members was telling us about his experiences with 1903. He has been using it for a couple of months and really likes it. He says it is much faster and filled with some great new features.

It is a large update and will require at least 32gb of free space on the hard drive to install. This will pose a problem for those having one of the “surface” computers that only have 32gb of flash memory.

Regardless, I think I will wait a while before doing the update when it is actually released to the public.

Tuesday, May 7, 2019

Computer Club Notes 5-7-2019

Free Phone Service
Talkatone is the best option for replacing your native phone to call and text for free without using cell minutes. By contrast, Skype, Viber and Facetime are only free if the recipient has also already installed the app.
  • Stop paying for cell minutes, texts & landlines
  • Turn your iPad or iPod touch into a phone
  • Call/Text even in areas with bad cell coverage
  • Call/Text when traveling without paying for expensive international minutes
https://www.talkatone.com/

TinyPNG
TinyPNG uses smart lossy compression techniques to reduce the file size of your PNG files. By selectively decreasing the number of colors in the image, fewer bytes are required to store the data. The effect is nearly invisible but it makes a very large difference in file size!
https://tinypng.com/

JSPaint is a web-based Microsoft Paint remake
JSPaint is a free web-based remake of Microsoft Paint, a basic but popular image editor for the Windows operating system. Microsoft announced some time ago that it would deprecate Microsoft Paint in favor of the new Paint 3D UWP application that it introduced in the Windows 10
http://jspaint.app

Dick’s Articles on Dave’s Computer Tips
https://davescomputertips.com/author/dick-evans

Thursday, May 2, 2019

Computer Class Notes 4-30-2019

Taskbar
Where did it go? The normal location is at the bottom of the screen. If it has moved. Point your mouse at a blank space in the taskbar and left drag it back to the bottom. Right click on it and select lock to keep it there.



The start button is in the left and will bring up the Start Menu.



To the right of the start button is the Type here box to ask Cortana a question. If missing, Win+Q to open it.




The Task View button opens history of what you have been doing.

Then you will see icons for quick one click access to applications you have recently used and even websites you have been in.

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To the far right is the Notification button, the date and time, the internet indication, the sound control, and a up arrow to open a window of other applications running.

Lockscreen is a way to leave your computer when not using it. It leaves everything open and opens the startup screen requiring your entry password to continue. Use Win+L to lock it.



Resizing a window is possible if you are in the restore size of an open window. The upper right corner of a window has three button--minimize, size, and exit. If the size button is a single square representing a window you are at the restore size and can change the size of the window by dragging any corner or edge to the size you desire. You can even drag all the way left or right to make the window half screen, or to any corner to make it one quarter size. Drag to the top or double click the title bar and you will switch to full screen. If at full screen, double click the title bar to go back to restore size or drag the title bar down.

When does upper/lower case matter?

Email addresses can be mixed upper and. Case does not matter.
Password must be upper and lower case, exactly as you created them.

Website URLs can be upper or lower, but not the word after the extension (,com, etc). www.mysite.com amd www.MySite.com are the same. Whatever follows that will have a / and additional words that must be whatever necessary to get into a specific page on the site. /ABOUT is not the same as /about or /About.

Left click vs right click
Left click selects an item. Right click pops up a menu of selections.

One click or two?
Generally speaking, what is on the desktop is double-click. Or click once and press the Enter key. The taskbar items are all single click as are options within programs and websites.

Edge, IE, Chrome, Firefox, or what?
The browser you use is a personal choice. I like Chrome and the availability of extensions. Brave is similar to Chrome and allows the use of the Chrome extensions as well. IE or Internet Explorer has been a favorite for many over the year but is been fazed out by Microsoft. You have to hunt for it in Windows 10. Edge is not desirable for me and is even being rewritten by Microsoft to use a Chromium back end just like Google Chrome. Firefox has been a favorite for many over the years and works similar to Chrome. It was the non-Microsoft favorite for years until Google came out with Chrome.


Finding things on a webpage. Ctrl+F open the find box. Type what you are looking for on the page. In this case it found 19 times “Evans” is used.

Increase or decrease size of the content in a browser window
Ctrl+Plus to increase
Ctrl+Minus to decrease
Ctrl+Zero to bring back to normal
This is not the same as Win+Plus which activates the magnifier

Printing a web page or things on it. Use Ctrl+P to open the print dialog box. It will print the entire page.



Instead, select the portions of the page you want to print, then Ctrl+P. On the print window, select Advanced Options and then check Selection only.

Simple Speed Up solutions
Use www.crucial.com to analyze your computer. It will tell you how much RAM you have installed and what your computer is capable of using. Then it will show you the memory you should use to increase it.

Get a faster Hard Drive, maybe a Solid State (SSD). See article at https://davescomputertips.com/how-to-simple-upgrade-to-an-ssd/

Reduce the number of items found on your desktop. This will not slow down your processing, but will slow down the startup of your computer. Try to only have shortcuts on the desktop. Folders and files should be in your Document area.



Review what is in your startup folder. Open Task Manager and on the Details screen select the Startup tab. Disable all that you do not need. I disable most of them as you can see above.

Close programs not being used. The less open the less memory being used. Close the browser when not in use and reopen when needed.

Run the maintenance program on a regular basis to clean things up and remove malware you do not realize has been added.



Forcing a program to end.
Ctrl+Shift+Esc to open the Task Manager. In the lower left click Less details. Click on the program to force and ending, then in the lower right, click End task.



Forcing a web page to end
Press Alt+F4 to exit the page. Or mouse over the taskbar icon and click the X on the popup.

Where is the Control Panel?
Win+Q then type control and press Enter

The Clipboard has changed in 1809. It now stores all entries instead of just the last one. Use Win+V to view them and use them.

The Magnifier is activated using Win+Plus. Turn it off with Win+Esc

Opening File Manager more than once is easy with Win+E

A keyboard shortcut is a set of one or more keys that invoke a command in software or an operating system. They are typically an alternate means for invoking commands that would otherwise be accessible only through a menu, a mouse, or an aspect of the user interface. These shortcuts can expedite common operations by reducing input sequences to a few keystrokes.
For a list of Shortcuts see www.tinyurl.com/class-shortcuts