Sunday, November 6, 2016

Class Summary 11-3-2016

What does sync mean?
It is short for synchronize and is used in programs like OneDrive, Mozy and Dropbox (among others) to mean copies are made the same on your computer and in the cloud. Also happens when you have your cell phone set to send all pictures you take to Google Photos. What is on your phone is synced to your cloud account.

To use your OneDrive account you must have a Microsoft Live account. If you are on Windows 10 you probably already have one as the normal installation of 10 had you create it and that is what you login to your PC with. What you store in your PC’s OneDrive folder or subfolders will be uploaded to your OneDrive cloud. Everyone gets a free account with 5gb of space. When you change that file on your PC, it is changed in the cloud. If you sign into your Live account and make a change from another computer, when you log back on your PC, the new file is sent to your PC. The files are kept in sync.

This is true with Dropbox as well. Save to the Dropbox folder and it is save in the cloud. Mozy is a backup that keeps what has been uploaded to the Mozy cloud current by syncing from your PC to the cloud two or more times a day. Both have a free amount of storage (2+gb) and you can purchase more.

If you are still on Windows 7, you will have to download and install OneDrive. Mozy and Dropbox do not come with Windows and must be downloaded and installed. Here are some links:

Mozy Backup (use code GFBU22)
Drop Box

Why do we have to create a boot disk when making an image backup?
There are two image backup programs we have been using. Both are free. They are EaseUS and Macrium. Instructions for using Macrium Reflect are on the club site at These programs allow us to make an image or a complete copy of our PC; data, programs, settings, favorites, the operating system, etc to an external disk drive. We do this as insurance. If or when our PC fails, we can use this image file to rebuild our hard drive back to what it looked like the day we created the image. However, to be able to restore the system we have to be able to boot the dead PC. We do this by inserting a boot disk or USB flash drive that contains a mini-operating system and the software to rebuild the PC from the image file on the external drive. When we run the image creation program one of the options in that program is to make a boot disk. This is an important step. Without it, you cannot recover from an image. Details on how to make it in Reflect can be found on the club site.

What are these .ini files on my desktop?
These are informational files used by programs to remember options you have taken when running them. They are hidden files and need to be there. However, there is no good reason for you to be displaying hidden files. Although it is fine to delete them, it is better if you leave them alone as they contain information you will only have to enter again when you run the program that create them.

Better to open File Manager (Win+E) and the View ribbon. Uncheck Hidden items to no longer see those pesky .ini files.

Bookmarks and Favorites
These are terms used by browsers for saved links to websites. When you frequently access certain sites or are on one you would like to easily get back to, click the star to the right of the address bar and you can save that link. If you were using IE and have elected to switch to Chrome (my favorite browser), you can easily import your favorites from one browser to the other.

Open chrome://settings/importData

Click Import and the items will be copied from IE to Chrome. This can be done in any browser. So if you are starting to use Edge, you can import your items from any other browser into Edge. Importing does not remove them from the other browser.

I mentioned that this popular cleaning program is now available on your cell phone. Both for iPhone and Android. Just find it in Apps or the Play Store. Works great.

Should I Remove It?
We have lot’s of programs on our PCs. Some are questionable and we may wonder if we really need them. This programs scans your PC and lists the programs you have (non-microsoft) and gives you information about them and what other users have decided to do--keep or install them. Tried it in class and it looks good.

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